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2. What Is the Liturgical Calendar? page 16(1) Give each student squares of paper in these colors: violet, white, green, red. (2) Explain the colors’ liturgical symbolism. Violet is for times of waiting and penance, such as Advent and Lent. White is for times of joy and glory, such as Christmas and Easter. Green is for ordinary times. Red is either for times of sacri ce, such as the day Christ died, or times of joy in the Spirit, such as Pentecost. (3) Play a game in which you name a Sunday or holy day in the liturgical year, and students raise the correct- colored paper for that day. (4) Call out these days by name: Ash Wednesday (violet), Easter (white), Christmas (white), First Sunday in Ordinary Time (green),  ird Sunday of Lent (violet), feast of the Immaculate Conception (white), Good Friday (red), Second Sunday of Advent (violet), Fifteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time (green), Pentecost (red). (5) Note which days produce incorrect answers, and take extra time to explain them. (6) Re- play the game until all or most students get the answers right.3. What Are the Sacraments of Initiation? page 19 (1) Ahead of time, write each of the words and phrases given in the following key on separate slips of paper and put them in a bowl.KEYBaptism—“In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit” • water • white garment • cleansing from original sinEucharist—“ is is my Body” • “ is is the chalice of my Blood” • the hymn “One Bread, One Body” • the Last SupperCon rmation—“Be sealed with the Gift of the Holy Spirit” • the color red • the hymn “Come, Holy Ghost” • the laying on of hands • the  rst Pentecost • the bishop(2) Label three di erent jars Baptism, Eucharist, and Con rma- tion. (3) When the class meets, place the jars and the bowl ona table in the front of the room. (4) Form two teams, and have team members take turns stepping forward, drawing slips of paper from the bowl, reading them aloud, and consulting with their team about the right jar in which to drop the paper. (5) After the student has dropped the paper in a jar, give his or her team a point if the correct jar was selected.4. What Happens at Baptism? page 19(1) Bring to class a doll, a glass cup, and a basin. (2) Show stu- dents how to baptize an infant in case of necessity. (3) Let one or two students repeat the demonstration.(1) Give students large paper triangles cut from drawing paper. (2) Have each of them draw a self-portrait in the center of the triangle. (3) In the top corner of the triangle, have them write the words, “Child of the Father.” (4) In the bottom left corner, have the boys write, “Brother of Christ” and the girls, “Sister of Christ.” (5) In the bottom right corner, have students write, “Temple of the Holy Spirit.” (6) Discuss how their  nished artwork explains the ways in which Baptism has changed them—from ordinary children into God’s children, Christ’s brothers and sisters, and dwelling places of the Holy Spirit. (7) Suggest that they hang theartwork somewhere in their bedrooms and look at it each night before they go to bed.  ey can ask themselves how they have lived up to their call that day to be a child of God, a brother or sister of Christ, and a temple of the Holy Spirit.5. What Happens at Con rmation? page 20(1) Review with students the essential rite of the Sacramentof Con rmation. (2)  e bishop, or a priest he has appointed, dips his thumb into the consecrated oil called Sacred Chrism and anoints the forehead of the candidate while saying, “N., be sealed with the Gift of the Holy Spirit.” As the candidate says, “Amen,” the bishop lays his hand on the candidate’s head. (3) Explain why the words be sealed are used in the Con rma-tion Rite. As the Catechism of the Catholic Church says, “Bythis anointing the con rmand receives the ‘mark,’ the seal ofthe Holy Spirit. A seal is a symbol of a person, a sign of per-sonal authority, or ownership of an object. Hence soldiers were marked with their leader’s seal and slaves with their master’s.A seal authenticates...” (1295)  us, the seal authenticates the person’s Christian identity, which was  rst received in Baptism. (5) Explain that the laying on of hands is an ancient Christian symbol of conferring (giving as a gift) strength upon another. In Hebrews 6:1-2, we see that Paul associates the laying on of hands with the spiritual growth.6. What Happens at the Eucharist? page 21Invite a priest to speak to the class about what being a celebrant of the Eucharist means to him personally.(1) Write at the top left-hand side of the chalkboard or a sheet of newsprint the word Do’s and at the top right-hand side, Don’ts. (2) Have students brainstorm a list of do’s and don’ts for proper, respectful behavior at Mass, and record their ideas on the board or newsprint. (3) As students brainstorm, remind them of the two main parts of the Mass, the Liturgy of the Word and the Liturgy of the Eucharist. Some do’s and don’ts will be speci cto a particular part of the liturgy. For example, looking a person in the eye when extending the Sign of Peace is important to the overall meaning of the Liturgy of the Eucharist. (4) Common courtesy enters into the picture, too. Let students include in their list behaviors that other Mass-goers would  nd irritating, such as seeing or hearing someone chew gum during Mass.7. What Are the Sacraments of Healing? page 23As an introduction to the Sacraments of Healing, read or have a student read the Gospel story in which Jesus heals a paralyzed man. Ask students in what ways Jesus healed the man.Explain to students that in the Sacraments of Healing the Church continues Jesus’ work of healing physical su ering and of saving his followers from the e ects of sin.8. What Happens in the Sacrament of Penance and Reconciliation? page 23(1) Have students close their books. (2) Re-read aloud the last paragraph of this section. However, omit the last 1-3 words of each sentence and see if the students can supply what is missing.9

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