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3. The three holiest days in the Church year. The name comes from two Latin words that mean “three days.” These holy days are not measured in the usual way, from midnight to midnight. Rather, they are measured in the same way as Jewish holy days, from sunset to sunset.
The  rst day begins at sunset on Holy Thursday and ends at sunset on Good Friday. Two celebrations take place on this day: the Evening Mass of the Lord’s Supper on Holy Thursday evening and the celebration of the Lord’s Passion on Good Friday afternoon.
The second day begins at sunset on Good Friday and ends at sunset on Holy Saturday. This day, when Jesus’ body rested in the tomb, is a day of prayer and meditation on his su ering and Death.
The third day begins at sunset on Holy Saturday and ends at Evening Prayer on Easter Sunday. On the evening of Holy Saturday, the celebration of Easter begins with the Easter Vigil, the  rst Mass of Easter. New Catholics are baptized, con rmed, and receive their First Communion during this Mass. On Easter Sunday during the day, more Easter Masses are celebrated.
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4. Fragrant oil used to anoint those receiving Baptism, Con rmation, and Holy Orders. This oil is also used
in the consecration of a bishop and in the blessing of new churches and altars. It is pressed from olives or other plants and is mixed with balsam, a thick, fragrant tree resin. It is blessed by the bishop on or near Holy Thursday each year and then distributed to the churches throughout the diocese. The name of the oil is very similar to Christ, which means “the anointed one.”
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5. The part of the Mass during which several parishioners, acting as representatives of the congregation, collect gifts of the Mass—the bread and wine that will become the Body and Blood of Christ—and then process to the altar. They present the bread and wine to the priest. They may also collect and present our gifts of money to support the church and help the poor.
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6. The joyful feast that always comes on the 50th day after Easter. Its name comes from the Greek word
for “50th.” On this day, the Church celebrates the gift of the Holy Spirit, who came to the Apostles and Mary and other followers of Jesus. The Apostles,  lled with the Holy Spirit, poured out into the streets of Jerusalem and began preaching the Good News of Jesus. Even the foreign Jews understood them in their own languages. Three thousand people became followers of Jesus on this day, which is often called the birthday of the Church.
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